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Pino RM. Ali HH. Denman WT. Barrett PS. Schwartz A., A comparison of the intubation conditions between mivacurium and rocuronium during balanced anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 88(3):673-8, 1998.
Because comparisons of the intubation conditions with mivacurium and rocuronium from previous reports are confounded by the use of varied induction regimens, the authors compared intubation conditions of mivacurium, rocuronium, and a placebo at 90 s and their recovery profiles during anesthesia with nitrous oxide, oxygen, and propofol. After induction with midazolam, fentanyl, and propofol in a randomized blinded study, 100 patients received one of the following treatments: 0.25 mg/kg mivacurium in divided doses (0.15 mg/kg followed by 0.1 mg/kg 30 s later); 0.45, 0.6, 0.9, or 1.2 mg/kg rocuronium; or placebo. Evoked thumb adduction was measured throughout. Intubation was attempted 90 s after the initial dose of mivacurium and other treatment doses by a "blinded" physician. Intubating conditions were graded as excellent, good, poor, or not possible. Spontaneous recovery was studied until a 25% initial twitch height was reached. Mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate changes between groups were determined before induction through 6 min after administration of the study drugs. There were no important changes or intergroup differences in mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate. Intubation conditions were good or excellent for both mivacurium and rocuronium at the 0.9 mg/kg dose (93%) and at the 1.2 mg/kg dose (100%). Rocuronium at the 0.6 mg/kg dose was excellent in 27% of patients, whereas rocuronium at the 0.45 mg/kg dose had the least number of excellent conditions and the most poor or not possible assessments. Patients given placebo could not be intubated. Times to maximum blockade for 0.9 and 1.2 mg/kg rocuronium were the shortest. The times to 25% recovery for 0.6 mg/kg rocuronium (mean +/- SD = 27 +/- 8.6 min), 0.9 mg/kg (43.1 +/- 10.8), and 1.2 mg/kg (62.3 +/- 17.4 min) were significantly longer than were those for mivacurium (17.4 +/- 6.2 min). The authors conclude that mivacurium in a 0.25 mg/kg divided dose and rocuronium at 0.9 mg/kg and 1.2 mg/kg provide good or excellent intubation conditions at 90 s in most patients. Rocuronium was faster in onset at the higher doses (0.9 and 1.2 mg/kg) but had more prolonged recovery times to 25% single twitch height.
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